Chen Honglin, PhD; An Ning, PhD; Chen Yanyan, PhD; Yin You, PhD; Huang Yanyan, MM; Hu Mengmeng, MSW; Liu Wenrui, MSW; Zeng Wanru, MSW | Fudan University
Competition Sponsor: Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Award year: 2021
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a pre-symptom of dementia, which has a high prevalence in the population. This project is precisely based on evidence-based practice and aims to explore and implement an integrated non-pharmacological intervention approach for people with MCI in a localized context. Firstly, we will systematically examine the existing literature on non-pharmacological interventions for old adults with MCI and evaluate their implementation effects and staff requirements based on a Logit model. And then, we will cooperate with the well-established tertiary hospitals in Shanghai to select 300 old people diagnosed with MCI and their caregivers. Through a paired design, the research samples are randomly divided into experimental groups and control groups, 150 patients in control groups will receive conventional pharmacological treatment and their caregivers will not be interfered. In addition to pharmacological treatment, 150 patients in the experimental group will also receive an social work non-pharmacological intervention which means “physiological-psychological-social” integrated assessment and intervention. And their caregivers will receive simultaneous intensive contact training for 3 months. The participants will be subjected to baseline measurement before the intervention, and three retests were performed 3, 6, and 12 months after the intervention.
Data will be analyzed using the Time Series-Cross Section method to compare multiple measurements in the experimental and control groups, so as to comprehensively evaluate the results of pharmacological and non-pharmacological combination intervention and pharmacological intervention, and find out the best evidence for the intervention of MCI patients by social work practices in line with the client’s value, and establish a “practice-evidence-research-practice” system.